Public Education Pamphlets

The SOGC provides the following public education pamphlets designed for patients, clinics and health-care facilities. This material has been reviewed and endorsed by the SOGC’s subject matter experts.

  • Age and Fertility

    Do you know how a mother’s age can affect fertility, pregnancy and childbirth? When to start a family is a very personal decision. The answer is different for everyone. Are you ready emotionally? financially? physically? Thanks to the wide availability of contraceptiv[...]

  • Alcohol and Pregnancy

    If you are pregnant or trying to conceive, you can discuss alcohol consumption with your health-care professional; this is a routine part of women’s health care. All women have to make lifestyle changes during pregnancy or when they are planning to become pregnant. Sometimes thi[...]

  • Birth Plan

    A birth plan is a document that tells your health-care provider and the hospital staff: What kind of childbirth you would like. How you would like your baby cared for after he is born. Many hospitals now have a draft birth plan for you to use. You can also use thi[...]

  • Breast Pain

    What is mastalgia? How common is mastalgia? Is breast pain related to cancer? Should I stop drinking coffee? Do I need[...]

  • Breech Childbirth

    You are having a baby. Learn what you need to know about breech childbirth. What is breech childbirth? Most babies are positioned head down in the womb. This is so they can come out of the birth canal (vagina) head first. Sometimes, the baby is positioned so the feet or [...]

  • C-Section

    You are going to have a baby... learn what you need to know about C-section. What is a C-section? The traditional way to give birth is through the vaginal passage, the natural way. There are several benefits to having a vaginal birth: reduces blood loss [...]

  • Cancer during Pregnancy

    If you have cancer and are pregnant – or could become pregnant – learn what you need to know about the risks and benefits of treatment. Being diagnosed with cancer while pregnant Finding out you have cancer is upsetting at any time in your life. Whe[...]

  • Endometriosis

    What is endometriosis? Endometriosis is a common and potentially debilitating condition experienced by women of reproductive age. This disease is a common cause of chronic pelvic pain and is sometimes associated with infertility. Endometriosis affects one in 10 women of reproductive age, t[...]

  • Endometriosis: Treatment Strategies

    If you have endometriosis, there are treatment options that can improve your quality of life: reducing your pain, shrinking or slowing the endometrial growth, preserving or restoring your fertility, and preventing or delaying recurrence of the disease. What is endometriosis? Endometriosis[...]

  • Female Orgasms: Myths and Facts

    Anorgasmia Some Myths Regarding Female Orgasms What can you do? What about Vibrators? Suggested Books Anorgasmia Definition: Anorgasmia[...]

  • Folic acid: for preconception and pregnancy

    You are having a baby or planning a pregnancy. Learn what you need to know about folic acid. What is folic acid? Folic acid (also known as folate or vitamin B9) is a vitamin which helps grow and protect cells in your body. It is found in some foods and in multivitamin su[...]

  • Group B Streptococcus (GBS) Infection in Pregnancy

    Group B Streptococcus (GBS) are common bacteria which are often found in the vagina, rectum or urinary bladder of women. This is not the same bacteria which causes strep throat. Infections from GBS are usually not serious for a woman and are readily treated with antibiotics. However,[...]

  • Healthy Eating, Exercise and Weight Gain - Before and During Pregnancy

    A balanced diet, regular exercise and healthy body weight promote good health, lower your risk of disease and have positive effects on your pregnancy. How do I prepare for pregnancy? Women with healthy eating and exercise patterns before pregnancy enjoy reduced health risks for b[...]

  • HIV Testing in pregnancy

    A virus called HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) causes infections and diseases which harm a person's immune and nervous systems. As people become sicker with HIV infections, they may be diagnosed with AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome). There is still no cure for AIDS. This makes HIV infect[...]

  • Hysterectomy: Surgical removal of the uterus

    A hysterectomy is major operation to remove a woman's uterus. It is carried out to treat various problems associated with periods, pelvic pain, tumours and other related conditions. The problem you are experiencing will determine what type of operation is required and whether the fallopian tubes, ov[...]

  • Hysteroscopy

    A hysteroscopy is a procedure used to look inside the uterus. A thin instrument called a hysteroscope is passed through your vagina and cervix and into your uterus to help your doctor find the cause of a possible problem, to look for cancer in the lining of the uterus or to operate.

  • Immunization before and during pregnancy

    You are having a baby or planning a pregnancy. Learn what you need to know about immunization. What is immunization? Immunization is the process through which your body becomes protected from disease. When your immune system is exposed to something unfamiliar – such as[...]

  • Laparoscopy

    A laparoscopy is an operation used to look inside your abdomen. A thin instrument called a laparoscope is inserted through a tiny cut under your belly button to help your doctor look, examine and operate (if needed) in your abdomen without making large cuts. When is it used? [...]

  • Medications and drugs before and during pregnancy

    Always speak with a health-care professional before taking any prescription or non-prescription medication, herbal remedy or drug. As pregnant women, we all want to do what is best for our growing babies. This often means making careful choices about what we put into our bodies. Prescripti[...]

  • Medications and drugs while breastfeeding

    When you are breastfeeding, speak with a health-care professional before taking any prescription or non-prescription medication, natural or herbal remedy, or drug. Evidence shows that breastfeeding is the healthiest and most natural way to feed your baby and also has beneficial effects for[...]

  • Menopause

    What is menopause? Menopause is a natural transition in a woman's life. A woman who no longer has a menstrual period and is no longer able to naturally conceive, because her ovaries have stopped working and producing hormones, has gone through menopause. Perimenopause is the time that l[...]

  • Multiple Birth

    Twins and higher order multiples have unique: conception, gestation and birth processes; impact on the family system; developmental environments; and individuation processes. Therefore, in order to insure their optimal development, multiples and their families need access to health care, social serv[...]

  • My First Pelvic Exam

    How to Turn an Embarrassing Moment Into a Positive Experience You are going to have your first pelvic exam, and just thinking about it scares you to death! "It might hurt" "I don't want anyone to look at me down there" "It's too embarrassing"

  • Nausea and Vomiting During Pregnancy

    Nausea and vomiting is a normal part of pregnancy, but there are steps you can take to feel better. If you are pregnant and have nausea and vomiting, you’re not alone. Over half of all pregnant women suffer from this common ailment, sometimes called ‘NVP’. The symptoms ca[...]

  • Normal Childbirth

    You are having a baby. Learn what you need to know about normal childbirth.   What is normal childbirth? Childbirth can be described differently based on the level and type of assistance provided during the baby’s delivery. Once the mother goes into labour sponta[...]

  • Pap Testing

    What is a Pap test? This is a simple test that can help prevent cervical cancer. It is sometimes called a Pap smear. The Pap test detects cell changes on your cervix that, if left untreated for several years, could eventually turn into cervical cancer. When changes in cervical cells are[...]

  • Pap Testing: Management after an abnormal pap test result

    A Pap test is a simple test that detects cell changes on your cervix. An abnormal Pap test result means that the cells taken from your body did not look like they should. This is different from an unsatisfactory result, which means that your Pap test could not be accurately analyzed and needs to be [...]

  • Prenatal Screening

    It is your choice whether or not to have prenatal screening. What is prenatal screening? All pregnant women have a very small chance of having a baby with achromosomal anomaly or a neural tube defect. A mother can have tests done while she is pregnant to assess [...]

  • Preterm Labour

    Not everyone understands how important it is to carry a baby to full term. Some women hope for a premature baby, thinking a small baby may be easier to deliver. In fact, premature labour is one of the most common problems in pregnancy and it is the cause of 75 percent of all newborn deaths in babies[...]

  • Tubal Ligation (Female Surgical Sterilization)

    What is Tubal Ligation (Female Surgical Sterilization)? The Operation After The Surgery What If Tubal Ligation Fails? Other Points To Note Some Commonly Asked Questions About Tubal Ligation Consent For Permanent Surgical St[...]

  • Ultrasound in Pregnancy

    What is an ultrasound? How does ultrasound work? Why is an ultrasound done? What will happen during the ultrasound? What can an ultrasound find? Does a normal ultrasound mean I will have a healthy baby? Is ultrasound safe?

  • Umbilical Cord Blood

    When a baby is born, his or her umbilical cord is filled with a small amount of blood. This blood contains high numbers of special cells called stem cells. If you choose, this blood can be stored. It will then be used in the future to treat children or their family members with deadly diseases inclu[...]

  • Urinary Incontinence

    What is urinary incontinence? Urinary incontinence is the involuntary loss of urine. Some women with incontinence may experience leaks often, but even infrequent leaks can have a significant impact on a woman's quality of life. The most common types of urinary incontinence in women are str[...]

  • Vaginal Birth after Caesarean Section

    Can I still have a traditional delivery? Background of Vaginal Birth After Cesarean Benefits of vaginal delivery Risks of VBAC What if you have had two or more Cesareans? What you need to know Can I have my delivery at home[...]

  • What is a Healthy Sex Life?

    It’s normal to have questions about your sex life. Your doctor, nurse or midwife can help. Every woman is sexual in her own way. What makes you feel good – how much desire you feel, and how often, or what type of activities you enjoy – will be different for everyone. It’s common to hav[...]

  • When Sex Hurts – Vaginismus

    Vaginismus is an involuntary contraction, or reflex muscle tightening, of the pelvic floor muscles that generally occurs when an attempt is made to insert an object (tampon, penis, speculum used for a Pap test) into the vagina. This muscle tightening causes pain, which can range from mild discomfort[...]

  • Working during Pregnancy

    For most women with healthy pregnancies, it is safe to work until just before childbirth Can you work during pregnancy? How long you can work for? The answer depends on your health, the health of your baby and the type of work that you do. Talk to your doctor, nurse or midwife — he or sh[...]